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Afrin in Lines » The Archeological Sites in Afrin » Barad and The Palace of Barad

Eight Kilometers to the south eastern of Basouta, its location I ancient and it is thought that people has settled in since the beginning of the second and the third centuries. In Barad, there is a temple, a shrine and many shops that indicates it was famous for oil industry since 202- 203 (AC). Many evidences refer to the fact that the village developed very much in the 4thcentury (AC).

Toudora the priest of Kourash says "it was the biggest city in Leloon mount " the center of mount Samaan area and it is still the biggest ruinous village in the north of Syria and there are many beautiful villas as well as many ancient houses whose stones parallelogram shaped and a Roman Age and the second – third centuries.

In the middle of Barad village there is the church of Julian or Yolian/399- 402/AC) and he is the same engineer who designed its building. It is one of the third biggest churches in Syria, after Samaan and Krantine churches, to the east of( Maarat-Alnoman ), and it is said that the father of Maroon sect Mar Maroon /347- 410/ (AC) was buried in it and it seemed that the church was built on an ancient temple. During the 5thand 6thcenturies (AC), the western avenues of the village were built including two churches which one of them dates back to /541/AC and the other which is like a small temple and dates back to the 7thcentury.

In the northern part, there is the building of the official stayment  which was built in /496/AC and about 500 meters to the southern west, the priesthood home was instituted in the 6thcentury and it has got two churches, a tower in addition to a column for worship which ranges in height 8 meters and some of its parts are still standing there up till now.

In the 7thcentury Barad developed more and its population increased at that time. Consequently, it had got a net of interior roads , and Barad became a very known industrial and agricultural centre because of planting different types of grain, olive and grapes as well as oil manufacturing. But in the tenth century (AC), Barad chanced into a Byzantine defensive centre , its buildings and churches became war defensive centers.

Nowadays Barad is a very small careless village in the middle of a vast amount of ruins which refers to its glorious past and it is surrounded with huge white rocks of Leloon mount. It is a poor village and it is too difficult to live in now.

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Afrin in Lines » The Archeological Sites in Afrin » Barad and The Palace of Barad