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Afrin in Lines » The Archeological Sites in Afrin » SOGHANEH


Two kilometers to the northeast of Kimar village is Soghaneh. There are two churches in this village: a ruined church south of the village and a less ruined one which keeps some of its features north of the village. At a distance of one kilometer west of Soghaneh is a building called "the palace" by Soghaneh villagers; it includes a tower and remains of a church with a reservoir, an olive press and two tanks. Soghaneh is a middle-sized village dwelled by Mt Liloon inhabitants.


One of Sherwan villages; it is a small village contains a    tower, remains of a church go back to 393 AD and inscriptions dated 313 AD and 494 AD.


These ancient Greek ruins go back to the first centuries AD.
Der Meshmesh is located at a distance of four kilometers to the southwest of Julbol village. Today only a Roman graveyard from the third century AD, a hermit tower, a Byzantine villa and a church from the sixth century AD are still survived.
Ghoballeh is located northwest of Julbol village. It is a collection of ruins which are contemporary with Der Meshmesh ones. It involves a church dates from the end of the fourth century AD to the beginning of the fifth century AD, however, only some parts of its wall still survive.


It is some kilometers to the east of Burj Haider village. It is a small village includes two churches: the first one lies east of the village and goes back to 492 AD, while the other lies west of the village and goes back to the six century AD. Also there are houses dated 243, 545, and 386 AD.

Kalouta citadel was a church built on a nearby hill; it was built in the fifth century AD on the ruins of a Roman temple from the second century AD. The church changed into a citadel in the tenth century AD at the time of war between the Hamdanese and Byzantine.
Mr.Abdalla Hajjar states that Samaan (Symeon) was guiding the pagans to Christianity in this site.


It is four kilometers to the east of Thouq Kabeer village. Today it is uninhabited because their inhabitants moved to Kalouta, the nearby village. Its name, the bull picture and the sun disk engraved on the jambs of some houses indicate that Kharab Shams was a flourishing village in the pagan time. Moreover, it prospered in the Christian period from the fourth century AD to the sixth century AD. There are two churches in this site: the first one goes back to the fourth century AD and considered one of the oldest and most important churches in the area, while the other church goes back to the sixth century AD.
Besides, there is a distinguished temple entrance north of the first church, where only its big jamb inscribed with a sun disk, a moon disk and a bull head and a wreath on either side still survive. It is believed that this jamb was part of a pagan temple entrance from the third century AD and then ended in ruins.


It lies in the southeast side of Kharab Shams village. It is believed that there was a big market in this village.


It is one of Mt Liloon villages. In the past, it was located on either side of the ancient Roman road from Samaan Mountain to Aleppo and still survives. Today it is located amid vast ruins and contains an ancient church dates back to 372 AD; this church is considered the oldest dated church in Syria and one of the oldest churches in the world.


It is an inhabited village today. It is located to the southeast of Faferteen village and contains a big church.


 It contains a four-storey tower, a church from the sixth century AD, Roman villas and some rooms incised in rock which were used as stables and wheat storages. Today it is an inhabited village.



It is three kilometers to the northeast of Samaan citadel and contains ancient ruins: small forts, a church dates  back to 491 AD and other archeological buildings.


It is built amid ancient ruins at a distance of three kilometers to the northeast of Basoofan village. It contains a worship tower, a small church from the fourth century AD, two other churches from the sixth century AD, an abbey and a hermit tower with eleven meters in height. In the past,  it was called Kaferkeera.
Moreover, there is a church in Kaferlab southwest of Burj Haider.

Translated by
Rashid Oso

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Afrin in Lines » The Archeological Sites in Afrin » SOGHANEH